Landscape design is the combination of the natural design of the earth and the incorporation of cultural ideas, shapes, or patterns. In contemporary practice, landscape design combines the earth's natural design and then incorporates cultural ideas, shapes, or patterns.
These elements of design include mass, form, line, texture, and color. In the landscape, they are used to transform space and create a unique experience. While color and texture add interest and richness to a design, it is mass, form, and line that is critical to organizing space and providing structure.
•Landform Design: the design of the earth and shapes created within it.
•Garden/Flower Design: Planting trees, shrubs, perennials in the landscape.
•Hardscape Design: planning and creating elements made with concrete or stone.